Fuel Cell Market

Global Fuel Cell Market size was more than 180,010 units for 2015 and is predicted to register more than 24.1% of CAGR by end of 2024. Government support to create hydrogen power stations is predicted to drive the demand for fuel cell technology. Rise in vehicle production by automakers has favorably influenced the industry and acquired focus of international bodies on fuel cell electric vehicles. Further, strict rules promoting zero emission automobiles along with growing public transport is projected to favorably affect global industry growth during forecast timeline.
Fuel cells are preferred over traditional sources of energy due to low carbon emissions and less noise. Normal fuel cell items produce less sound while functioning as compared to traditional sources of energy. Further, stationary fuel cell systems require less space as compared to other sources of clean energy and this have driven the growth of stationary fuel cell market globally. Growing demand for portable power source is predicted to drive industry demand during forecast timeline.

Read full market research report “Fuel Cell Market Size By Application (Stationary, Portable, Transport), By Product (PEMFC, DMFC, SOFC), Industry Analysis Report, Regional Outlook (U.S, Canada, Germany, UK, Japan, South Korea, South Africa, Brazil), Application Potential, Price Trends, Competitive Market Share & Forecast, 2016 – 2024”, please click on the link below:

Fuel Cell Market – Global Industry Analysis Report, Share, Size, Growth, Price Trends and Forecast, 2016 – 2024: Global Market Insights, Inc.

Product Insights

Global industry is segmented into various products like direct methanol fuel cell , solid oxide fuel cell and proton exchange membrane fuel cell. Direct methanol fuel cell segment is predicted to register more than 4.1% of CAGR. These cells find their use in portable power source where energy density and power are more vital than efficacy.

Solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) segment is predicted to touch $3.1 billion mark by end of 2024. High level of efficacy, low carbon emissions, elasticity, stability and comparative less price which is predicted to boost the demand for this fuel cell type.

Proton exchange membrane fuel cell produced revenue of more than $2.1 billion for 2015. This product is extensively used in stationary and transportation applications. In addition to this , it also provides high electric efficacy and substantial power to area proportion & is easily accessible across various watts making it a preferable choice in transportation application.

Application Insights

The industry is segmented into various applications like stationary application, portable application and transportation application. Stationary application contributed $2 billion for 2015 and it dominates the application segment due to its environment friendly features and efficacy. It is mainly used as backup power station in hotel, residence, school, commercial building and hospital.

Portable application segment is predicted to register more than 7.1% of CAGR during forecast timeline. Growing demand for portable charger as power source for consumer electronic items like camera, laptop, cell phone, smart phone and iphone are predicted to promote portable fuel cell market trends.

Transportation application segment is predicted to contribute $1.31 billion in terms of revenue by end of 2024 registering a CAGR of more than 22.11% during forecast period. Increase in research & development activities by firms along with growing government support to integrate effective technology in automobiles like truck, car and bus are predicted to promote global fuel cell market outlook in this segment.

Regional Insights

Global industry is segmented into key geographical regions like North America, , Europe, APAC, MEA and Latin America. North American industry produced revenue of more than $891 million for 2015. U.S. contributed maximum revenue to the North America fuel cell market. Regional industry demand is mainly promoted by constant monetary support from DOE (Department of Energy). Further, favorable government policy promoting renewable power to regulate carbon emissions is the key factor stimulating industry growth in the region.

European industry is predicted to register moderate CAGR of more than 3.51%. Commercialization of fuel cell electric vehicles along with huge consumer base in region is predicted to promote industry growth during forecast timeline. Drifting highlight towards hydrogen as transportation fuel in countries like Norway and Denmark can supplement the growth of the industry in Europe.

APAC fuel call market share is predicted to grow up to $14.1 billion by end of 2024 registering CAGR of more than 24.1% during forecast timeframe. Strict government norms along with increasing use of hydrogen as fuel in vehicles can positively contribute towards regional industry expansion.

Competitive Insights

Key industry players profiled in the report include Nedstack Fuel Cell Technology, AFC Energy PLC, Aisin Seiki Company Limited, Arcola Energy, Horizon Fuel Cell Technologies, Hydrogenics Corporation, Panasonic Corporation, Ballard Power Systems Incorporation, Bloom Energy, Plug Power, UTC Power, SFC Energy AG, Toshiba, Ceres Power Holding, Nuvera Fuel Cells, Arcola Energy and HES Energy Solutions.

Key industry players are using key business strategies like mergers & acquisitions to reduce competition and increase their geographical presence.

Press Release by Global Market Insights, Inc., headquartered in Delaware, U.S., is a global market research and consulting service provider; offering syndicated and custom research reports along with growth consulting services.https://www.gminsights.com/industry-analysis/small-hydropower-market

A New Boost To Cyber Security – Truly Random Numbers

It may not have made the evening news, but computer scientists all over the world are raising their glasses to celebrate a new breakthrough in cyber security. Computer science professor David Zuckerman has developed a way of creating truly random number sequences. In simple terms his method works by taking 2 weakly random sequences of numbers and turns them into a single sequence of numbers that are truly random. In the world of encryption and cybersecurity, this breakthrough could be the start of a whole new level of defence against cyber-attacks.

What Is A Random Number?

By definition, a random number is ‘a number generated by process, whose outcome is unpredictable and which cannot be subsequently reproduced’. At the moment there are 2 main ways of generating random numbers, both of which require a computer programme. In the first method a computer will select numbers from a pre-generated list of strings, which can be discovered with some clever hacking. The second involves using complex algorithms to automatically create a long series of numbers. The problem with these methods is that they both fall short of the ‘true randomness’ mark. Algorithms and pre-generated strings will eventually repeat sequences of numbers, making it easier to decipher, and because computers will follow their programming blindly it is difficult to change this. Zuckerman’s sequence is revolutionary because it starts with sequences of random numbers that are generated weakly, for example stock market prices sampled over time. These numbers in themselves are highly predictable, so won’t be any use for secure encryption. But by sequencing them together in his own way, Zuckerman has managed to create a way of generating truly random numbers that never repeat and aren’t tied to a pattern or computer generation.

Why are Random Numbers Important?

Random number generation is one of the fundamental pillars of encryption, the process that helps us to conceal messages and prevent people from accessing our confidential information. Without encryption we could not send highly sensitive or confidential information without it being available to read to everyone along the way, including criminals and hackers. One of the most common forms of encryption used today is the RSA algorithm. This method requires the factoring of large integers from 2 prime numbers to produce 3 mathematically linked keys, one public and one private. Both of these keys are needed in order to decrypt the message. The private key is always kept secret, and needs to be generated from a source of random numbers to keep the message safe and secure. The problem is that these algorithms can repeat themselves, making it easier for hackers to predict the patterns and decrypt the key. Zuckerman’s new method uses 2 sequences that are only weakly random that is not computationally demanding in order to discover a number that is almost perfectly random. This method is light years ahead of the current means of generating random numbers and could completely change the landscape of secure encryption.

While the breakthrough may have originated in Texas, the effect it will have on the UK market is staggering. Since this article on GoodUKNews was written about the need to keep the UK safe from cyber-attacks, 90% of UK organisations are still reporting security breaches, with online banking fraud increasing by 48% in a single year, and the cyber-attack rate on businesses rising by a staggering 114%. These increased attacks have had a huge impact on the UK business market and have created a need for more secure encryption protocols. If you want to read more about the effect cyber-attack have on UK companies, this whitepaper by Oxford Economics makes a great read. For more information about cyber security and how encryption could protect your business, just click here.

Article provided by Rose-Marie Littleford – Leapfrog Internet Marketing

NHS Questions

Junior Doctors should look carefully at the result of their strike. The NHS did not fall into chaos and hospitals continued to function with the support from all other staff and the public because planned operations were cancelled and people turned away from requesting the NHS services.
Why did this happen and what could be the impact for the future?.

Has the NHS failed to control its workload?

If you can postpone 10,000 operations and appointments then surely you can schedule workload to match available staff.

Why did A&E attendances reduce during the Strike?

Accidents did continue to occur so it suggests that the reduction was caused by “unnecessary” A&E visits.

Now sharp thinking Hospital administrators and accountants will be working on how to take advantage of this information.

We have seen this in the past with many “industries” which enter into the labour strike mentality, the result has been management ask questions how they were able to cope during the strike and what was the impact. People start looking at reducing activity.

Lean thinking creeps in, procedures change, tasks change or are eliminated and maybe jobs eliminated.

Junior doctors may think they cannot be replaced, which is probable true in the short term, but the tasks they are currently asked to do can be changed or eliminated thereby reducing their workload.

This can be good for the NHS and the Junior Doctors, the only people who may be impacted will be the patients.

EU Referendum News

Where do you go to get information about the EU referendum. There is so much conflicting information on the Referendum in the media so I thought I would try to provide a guide to useful sources. The campaigns are “Vote Leave” and “Britain Stronger In Europe“. Both of these sites post supporting statements of their campaign of course, but neither post opposing views to compare positions.

One site that attempts to provide a comparison of the statements made by supporters of each campaign is the BBC Referendum’s Reality Check site.

Open Europe is a site states it is a non-partisan and independent policy think tank. This site publishes its views and reports on some of the leading questions that the UK, whether we stay or exit the EU, need to understand. One such topic is the costs associated with the burden of EU regulation on the UK economy.

ITV News “Finding the facts” is another site that attempts to compare claims that have been made by each campaign and provide “the truth” behind the major statements.

The Economist also provides A Background Guide to Brexit from the EU providing some historical data.

All of the media,both TV and newspapers, publish daily information which should help you, but unfortunately headline grabbing statements often get the most visibility although may not contain much comparative fact that really help you in making a decision.

What I think you can say with some certainty is that there will be an economic impact if the UK votes to leave. How much of an impact and for how long it impossible to predict. The markets will definitely react, they always do, sometimes in an unpredictable way! There will be an extended period of negotiation whist the details of exit are finalised, this should be complete within 2 years to comply with Article 50 of the treaty, but of course there will be many other negotiations taking place which may not be directly Treaty related.

If you have found a good source of informed information that may help in making a decision, post your comments below.

Brexit decision time approaching

Brexit decision time is approaching and I am still undecided. We need more Prime Time TV discussions on the issues with non political participants giving their opposing views to help us to make a decision. The main issues for me are Sovereignty,Security and The Economy.

Sovereignty

Clearly have our elected politians managing and generating our laws, is what I want. The EU with its questionable bureaucracy, Human Right laws etc causes me concern.
A good discussion on this subject can be found at The Question of Sovereignty in the EU Referendum BY MICHAEL JULIEN

Security

My general thoughts are that the EU does not improve our security position. Our border controls need to be maintained (and maybe strengthened) but our global strength comes from our military and security services and our links with the USA and NATO. See UK Security Would Benefit From Brexit BY BRUCE NEWSOME

Economy

The impact on the economy will be uncertain due to the negotiations that invariably will have to take place with all potential trading partners around the world and this delay could in the short term(2-5 years) cause a reduction in business activity. There are many areas that will need discussion and re-organising and this could take many years to fully recover. The basic process of exiting should be completed within 2 years. See http://www.lawyersforbritain.org/brexit-process.shtml .

However I have no long term concerns that the UK would not be a global player. I do believe that some short term laws may need to be introduced to prohibit international companies or institutions dumping UK businesses for short term gains.

Stop waving tax papers at each other

The UK government, regardless of which political party has been in control, has produced the current tax system, Inheritance rules are clearly stated and allow Tax Havens etc to be used.
It appears to me that currently people are just trying to make political capital and are trying to remove Cameron from office.

I do believe the company tax system has problems and should be modified for example, to stop companies, and even UK councils, from exploiting the offshore rules! this should be a priority.
Modifying the tax system is not a simple task and cannot be done in isolation. The forthcoming EU Referendum could promote a tax change!
The most important thing with tax is that it should be paid by all who obtain wealth either through earnings or through capital appreciation.
Unfortunately governments of all sides try to provide incentives for people to use their wealth to generate growth/jobs by offering incentives which can be exploited as tax incentives.

I think parliaments priority should be focused on providing the UK population with the positives and negatives of belonging in the EU together with the potential positives and negatives of leaving the EU.
The time-scale of processes that would need to be followed should we leave and what issues would need further negotiation to enable exiting.

Stop waving tax papers at each other and get to work for the UK Future.

Customer pay more

We hear this type of comment all the time, Customers must pay more!
Too much sugar in products customers must pay more.
Processed meat damages health customers should eat less.
Cigarettes damage health customers must pay more and we all pay more for NHS.
Employees not paid a realistic living wage so we all have to pay increased taxes to pay for support for them.
We drink too much alcohol make the customer pay more.

In all the above cases, the manufacturing and supplying companies make significant profits.
Why is it that the manufacturer or supplier of these “unsafe or toxic” practises are not directly penalised by attacking their profits as a way of incentivising change rather than the customer being made to pay more.

Why must change be initiated by the customer.

The result may be the same in that the customer paying an increased price but the provider will have an incentive to eliminate the toxic component from their manufacturing processes and produce different products or change processes.
What do you think?

Population shift and tackling migration

The East to West, South to North migrant movement is out of control.
Reasons for that migration are varied from escaping a War Zone, Humanitarian to Economic.

We as a responsible and caring society must take our place by either providing resources to support(AID) and protect individuals or the acceptance of those who are in need into the UK who accept that
1.The UK rule of Law is paramount with Democracy and Christianity as its cornerstone.
2.The English language is the UK’s primary language for communicating with UK authorities.
3.People with a history of illegal activities or use illegal activities to enter the UK will not be accepted.

We are told there are 4 million people who have been driven out of Syria. If the EU were to accept all of those on an equal basis then each country should take about 143000 people.
In itself this does not seen an unacceptable number for a country the size and wealth of the UK. It would only add about 0.25% to the UK population.
Within the UK there are significant differences to where immigrants reside with the South East of England having the greater share and higher density with Scotland having relatively few based on density.

A future issue could be, I believe, once in the EU there is no controlling were they migrate to in the longer term.
We must have and maintain the ability to have some control over movement of people within the UK.

Major population movement around the world, like we are seeing today, has the potential for major unrest, disappointment of migrants when expectations are not met, clash of cultures, changes to the host community population as new cultures become apparent and shortage of services are experienced through over population.

Emergency action must be taken today to protect todays migrants, but that does not mean an open the door to uncontrolled population shift. It does mean save lives and provide adequate food and accommodation and Medical/Health services for those people as soon as possible.

Careful non emotional decision making is required by the leaders of EU countries to agree the long term solution.

The website Migration Observatory, http://migrationobservatory.ox.ac.uk/, has all the data you might need to look at the numbers of immigrants in the EU, where they are located and the challenges faced by different countries.